ancient Myths & Legends) ruled a large island kingdom called Atlantis. To make a short story even shorter, the guy was punished by the Gods and the city was destroyed by a great flood and it ultimately sank beneath the sea. Atlas then led the Titans into the great Cosmic War. When he was defeated by the Gods, they punished Atlas by making him hold the sky on his shoulder forever.
Now, as depicted above, you can see how the celestial globe he was
holding, could have easily been misinterpreted as the Earth. Well, from
there, comes 2 major flaws in the interpretation. First of all, many
people still make the mistake and say "Atlas holds the world on his
shoulders." Secondly, when enough people misconstrue this notion, they
end up naming the book of maps for planet Earth after Atlas, since they
thought of him as holding up the planet. You see how that happened now?
Image Credit: It is in the Public Domain and is not under copyright protection.
---End of Post "Why a Book of Maps is called an Atlas"